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Warning: This documentation is for a pre-release version of pgAdmin 4
Use the Trigger function dialog to create or manage a trigger_function. A
trigger function defines the action that will be invoked when a trigger fires.
The Trigger function dialog organizes the development of a trigger function
through the following dialog tabs: General, Definition, Code, Options,
Parameters and Security. The SQL tab displays the SQL code generated by
Use the fields in the General tab to identify the trigger function:
Click the Definition tab to continue.
Use the fields in the Definition tab to define the trigger function:
Use the drop-down listbox next to Return type to specify the pseudotype that
is associated with the trigger function:
Select trigger if you are creating a DML trigger.
Select event_trigger if you are creating a DDL trigger.
Use the drop-down listbox next to Language to select the implementation
language. The default is plpgsql.
Click the Code tab to continue.
Click the Options tab to continue.
Use the fields in the Options tab to describe or modify the action of the
Use the drop-down listbox next to Volatility to select one of the following:
VOLATILE indicates that the trigger function value can change even
within a single table scan.
STABLE indicates that the trigger function cannot modify the database,
and that within a single table scan it will consistently return the same
result for the same argument values.
IMMUTABLE indicates that the trigger function cannot modify the database
and always returns the same result when given the same argument values.
Move the Returns a Set? switch to indicate if the trigger function returns a
set that includes multiple rows. The default is No.
Move the Strict? switch to indicate if the trigger function always returns
NULL whenever any of its arguments are NULL. If Yes, the function is not
executed when there are NULL arguments; instead a NULL result is assumed
automatically. The default is No.
Move the Security of definer? switch to specify that the trigger function
is to be executed with the privileges of the user that created it. The default
Move the Window? switch to indicate that the trigger function is a window
function rather than a plain function. The default is No. This is currently
only useful for trigger functions written in C.
Use the Estimated cost field to specify a positive number representing the
estimated execution cost for the trigger function, in units of
cpu_operator_cost. If the function returns a set, this is the cost per
Use the Estimated rows field to specify a positive number giving the
estimated number of rows that the query planner should expect the trigger
function to return. This is only allowed when the function is declared to
return a set. The default assumption is 1000 rows.
Move the Leak proof? switch to indicate whether the trigger function has
side effects. The default is No. This option can only be set by the
Click the Parameters tab to continue.
Use the fields in the Parameters tab to specify settings that will be applied
when the trigger function is invoked. Click the Add icon (+) to add a
Name/Value pair to the table below.
Click the Add icon (+) to set additional parameters; to discard a parameter,
click the trash icon to the left of the row and confirm deletion in the Delete
Click the Security tab to continue.
Use the Security tab to assign privileges and define security labels.
Use the Privileges panel to assign usage privileges for the trigger function
to a role. Click the Add icon (+) to to add a role to the table.
Click the Add icon (+) to assign additional privileges; to discard a
privilege, click the trash icon to the left of the row and confirm deletion in
the Delete Row popup.
Use the Security Labels panel to define security labels applied to the trigger
function. Click the Add icon (+) to add each security label selection:
Click the Add icon (+) to assign additional security labels; to discard a
security label, click the trash icon to the left of the row and confirm deletion
in the Delete Row popup.
Click the SQL tab to continue.
Your entries in the Trigger function dialog generate a SQL command (see an
example below). Use the SQL tab for review; revisit other tabs to modify the
The following is an example of the sql command generated by user selections in
the Trigger function dialog:
The example shown demonstrates creating a trigger function named emp_stamp.