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Container Deployment

pgAdmin can be deployed in a container using the image at:

PostgreSQL Utilities

The PostgreSQL utilities pg_dump, pg_dumpall, pg_restore and psql are included in the container to allow backups to be created and restored and other maintenance functions to be executed. Multiple versions are included in the following directories to allow use with different versions of the database server:

  • PostgreSQL 9.4: /usr/local/pgsql-9.4

  • PostgreSQL 9.5: /usr/local/pgsql-9.5

  • PostgreSQL 9.6: /usr/local/pgsql-9.6

  • PostgreSQL 10: /usr/local/pgsql-10

  • PostgreSQL 11: /usr/local/pgsql-11

The most recent version of the utilities is used by default; this may be changed in the Preferences Dialog.

Environment Variables

The container will accept the following variables at startup:

PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL

This is the email address used when setting up the initial administrator account to login to pgAdmin. This variable is required and must be set at launch time.

PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD

This is the password used when setting up the initial administrator account to login to pgAdmin. This variable is required and must be set at launch time.

PGADMIN_ENABLE_TLS

Default: <null>

If left un-set, the container will listen on port 80 for connections in plain text. If set to any value, the container will listen on port 443 for TLS connections.

When TLS is enabled, a certificate and key must be provided. Typically these should be stored on the host file system and mounted from the container. The expected paths are /certs/server.crt and /certs/server.key

PGADMIN_LISTEN_ADDRESS

Default: [::]

Specify the local address that the servers listens on. The default should work for most users - in IPv4-only environments, this may need to be set to 127.0.0.1.

PGADMIN_LISTEN_PORT

Default: 80 or 443 (if TLS is enabled)

Allows the port that the server listens on to be set to a specific value rather than using the default.

PGADMIN_SERVER_JSON_FILE

Default: /pgadmin4/servers.json

Override the default file path for the server definition list. See the /pgadmin4/servers.json mapped file below for more information.

GUNICORN_THREADS

Default: 25

Adjust the number of threads the Gunicorn server uses to handle incoming requests. This should typically be left as-is, except in highly loaded systems where it may be increased.

PGADMIN_CONFIG_

This is a variable prefix that can be used to override any of the configuration options in pgAdmin’s config.py file. Add the PGADMIN_CONFIG_ prefix to any variable name from config.py and give the value in the format ‘string value’ for strings, True/False for booleans or 123 for numbers. See below for an example.

Settings are written to /pgadmin4/config_distro.py within the container, which is read after /pgadmin4/config.py and before /pgadmin4/config_local.py. Any settings given will therefore override anything in config.py, but can be overridden by settings in config_local.py.

See The config.py File for more information on the available configuration settings.

Mapped Files and Directories

The following files or directories can be mapped from the container onto the host machine to allow configuration to be customised and shared between instances:

/var/lib/pgadmin

This is the working directory in which pgAdmin stores session data, user files, configuration files, and it’s configuration database. Mapping this directory onto the host machine gives you an easy way to maintain configuration between invocations of the container.

/pgadmin4/config_local.py

This file can be used to override configuration settings in pgAdmin. Settings found in config.py can be overridden with deployment specific values if required. Settings in config_local.py will also override anything specified in the container environment through PGADMIN_CONFIG_ prefixed variables.

/pgadmin4/servers.json

If this file is mapped, server definitions found in it will be loaded at launch time. This allows connection information to be pre-loaded into the instance of pgAdmin in the container. Note that server definitions are only loaded on first launch, i.e. when the configuration database is created, and not on subsequent launches using the same configuration database.

/certs/server.cert

If TLS is enabled, this file will be used as the servers TLS certificate.

/certs/server.key

If TLS is enabled, this file will be used as the key file for the servers TLS certificate.

Examples

Run a simple container over port 80:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run -p 80:80 \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret' \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

Run a simple container over port 80, setting some configuration options:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run -p 80:80 \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_CONFIG_ENHANCED_COOKIE_PROTECTION=True' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_CONFIG_LOGIN_BANNER="Authorised users only!"' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOG_LEVEL=10' \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

Run a TLS secured container using a shared config/storage directory in /private/var/lib/pgadmin on the host, and servers pre-loaded from /tmp/servers.json on the host:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run -p 443:443 \
    -v /private/var/lib/pgadmin:/var/lib/pgadmin \
    -v /path/to/certificate.cert:/certs/server.cert \
    -v /path/to/certificate.key:/certs/server.key \
    -v /tmp/servers.json:/servers.json \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret' \
    -e 'PGADMIN_ENABLE_TLS=True' \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

Reverse Proxying

Sometimes it’s desirable to have users connect to pgAdmin through a reverse proxy rather than directly to the container it’s running in. The following examples show how this can be achieved. With traditional reverse proxy servers such as Nginx, pgAdmin is running in a container on the same host, with port 5050 on the host mapped to port 80 on the container, for example:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run -p 5050:80 \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com" \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret" \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

HTTP via Nginx

A configuration similar to the following can be used to create a simple HTTP reverse proxy listening for all hostnames with Nginx:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name _;

    location / {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_pass http://localhost:5050/;
        proxy_redirect off;
    }
}

If you wish to host pgAdmin under a subdirectory rather than on the root of the server, you must specify the location and set the X-Script-Name header which tells the pgAdmin container how to rewrite paths:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name _;

    location /pgadmin4/ {
        proxy_set_header X-Script-Name /pgadmin4;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_pass http://localhost:5050/;
        proxy_redirect off;
    }
}

If Nginx is also running in a container, there is no need to map the pgAdmin port to the host, provided the two containers are running in the same Docker network. In such a configuration, the proxy_pass option would be changed to point to the pgAdmin container within the Docker network.

HTTPS via Nginx

The following configuration can be used to serve pgAdmin over HTTPS to the user whilst the backend container is serving plain HTTP to the proxy server. In this configuration we not only set X-Script-Name, but also X-Scheme to tell the pgAdmin server to generate any URLs using the correct scheme. A redirect from HTTP to HTTPS is also included. The certificate and key paths may need to be adjusted as appropriate to the specific deployment:

server {
    listen 80;
    return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443;
    server_name _;

    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/server.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/server.key;

    ssl on;
    ssl_session_cache builtin:1000 shared:SSL:10m;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!CAMELLIA:!DES:!MD5:!PSK:!RC4;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    location /pgadmin4/ {
        proxy_set_header X-Script-Name /pgadmin4;
        proxy_set_header X-Scheme $scheme;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_pass http://localhost:5050/;
        proxy_redirect off;
    }
}

Traefik

Configuring Traefik is straightforward for either HTTP or HTTPS when running pgAdmin in a container as it will automatically configure itself to serve content from containers that are running on the local machine, virtual hosting them at <container_name>.<domain_name>, where the domain name is that specified in the Traefik configuration. The container is typically launched per the example below:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run --name "pgadmin4" \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com" \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret" \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

Note that the TCP/IP port has not been mapped to the host as it was in the Nginx example, and the container name has been set to a known value as it will be used as the hostname and may need to be added to the DNS zone file.

The following configuration will listen on ports 80 and 443, redirecting 80 to 443, using the default certificate shipped with Traefik. See the Traefik documentation for options to use certificates from LetsEncrypt or other issuers.

defaultEntryPoints = ["http", "https"]

[entryPoints]
  [entryPoints.http]
    address = ":80"
      [entryPoints.http.redirect]
        entryPoint = "https"
  [entryPoints.https]
    address = ":443"
      [entryPoints.https.tls]

[docker]
domain = "domain_name"
watch = true

If you wish to host pgAdmin under a subdirectory using Traefik, the configuration changes are typically made to the way the container is launched and not to Traefik itself. For example, to host pgAdmin under /pgadmin4/ instead of at the root directory, the Traefik configuration above may be used if the container is launched like this:

docker pull dpage/pgadmin4
docker run --name "pgadmin4" \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_EMAIL=user@domain.com" \
    -e "PGADMIN_DEFAULT_PASSWORD=SuperSecret" \
    -e "SCRIPT_NAME=/pgadmin4" \
    -l "traefik.frontend.rule=PathPrefix:/pgadmin4" \
    -d dpage/pgadmin4

The SCRIPT_NAME environment variable has been set to tell the container it is being hosted under a subdirectory (in the same way as the X-Script-Name header is used with Nginx), and a label has been added to tell Traefik to route requests under the subdirectory to this container.